Chapter 1

Step 1: Read John Winthrop’s “A Model of Christian Charity.” Puritan leader John Winthrop’s description of American as a “city upon a hill” contributed to the idea of American exceptionalism. The phrase has been recycled by several politicians, most notably John F. Kennedy and Ronald Reagan. 

Step 2: Click on the two blue links below to listen to the speeches from Kennedy and Reagan. **Pay careful attention to how they make use of the “city upon a hill” phrase. Former President John F. Kennedy’s Speech (Click here to view Former President John F. Kennedy’s speech) Former President Ronal Reagan’s Speech (Click here to view Former President Ronald Reagan’s speech) 

Step 3: Write a 250-word paragraph discussing how each speaker they interpreted the phrase “city upon a hill?” Are their interpretations similar to or different from Winthrop’s interpretation? Also, consider when the phrase was used, Kennedy used the phrase when entering office, and Reagan used the phrase as a farewell when leaving office. Is there a significant to this strategy? Which parts of Winthrop’s advice do you think would be the most effective in building a strong community? Why? Be specific. Does America still consider itself a model for the rest of the world? Why or why not? Make sure you provide specific evidence of current events to support your position, and be respectful. 

Step 4: Incorporate specific examples from the module’s readings. This reading reflection must include evidence from the course’s textbook (quotes, paraphrases, and summaries) to support the question. All evidence should end with an in-text citation, including a summary and paraphrase an in-text citation and work cited are required. There is an example of how to properly cite the course’s textbook located in the course information folder. 

Step 5: Attach your Word document to this drop box. This reading reflection must be numbered in paragraph form and formatted according to MLA guidelines, format (12 point, Times New Roman, left justification, double spaced, and indented paragraphs) with a heading (student’s name, instructor’s name, course, and date) in the upper left corner of the first page. In the upper right-hand corner, insert a header with your last name and page number. There is an example MLA template located in the course information folder that you may use. Failure to follow the above MLA guidelines will result in up to a 10-point deduction. In addition, you should include an in-text citation as well as a works cited page. Failed to do so will result in following automatic penalties: • One half letter grade (5 points) for errors within in-text citations and/or works cited • One letter grade (10 points) for no in-text citation(s) • Two letter grades (20 points) for no work cite

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